The Substitutionary Atonement of Jesus Christ - by Francis Turretin (1623-1687)

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Anything written by the reformer Francis Turretin is usually AWESOME. This work is no exception and it focuses exclusively on Christ’s atonement. Included in this second edition is a work on Turretin’s covenant theology by C. Matthew McMahon.

The Substitutionary Atonement of Jesus Christ by Francis Turretin (1623-1687)

EBOOK
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eISBN: 978-1-62663-111-3

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Print, 155 pages, (Buy the print book Here) $19.99
ISBN: 978-1-62663-110-6

Among Reformed Theologians of the world, both present and past, Francis Turretin’s Institutio fairs among the greatest Protestant theological works ever written. And if more disciples of Jesus Christ were to pick this work up and read it, then live it, the church would be a force to be reckoned with in this 21st century.

Why did Jesus Christ die on the cross? Throughout Church history one will find many different answers. The right answer is critical to salvation and entering into a right relationship with Jesus Christ. This current volume is a masterful biblical survey and polemic that illuminates the Bible’s doctrine of Christ’s atonement. It is doubted whether any other work of the same compass presents so clearly and forcibly the truth of God as to the Nature, Truth, Perfection, Matter, and Extent of the Satisfaction made by the our Savior. Turretin’s lucid arrangement of topics, compact argumentation, fairness of statement, and constant appeal to the law and the testimony, leave the careful reader little to desire. It had been said that Turretin is the best expounder of doctrine that the Reformed church has ever known, and this work on the atonement is an example of his exegetical, logical and practical insight into the work of our Lord’s life and sacrifice.

Included in this second edition is a work by C. Matthew McMahon on Turretin’s “covenant” concepts. One cannot understand Turretin’s atonement without joining that to his covenant theology.

This is not a scan or facsimile, has been updated in modern English for easy reading and has an active table of contents for electronic versions.

Table of Contents:
INTRODUCTION
PREFACE
BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH OF THE TRANSLATOR
BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH OF THE AUTHOR
CHAPTER 1: THE NECESSITY OF THE ATONEMENT
Three Opinions on the Subject
1. The Nature of Sin
2. The Satisfaction Required
3. The Relations of God to the Sinner
4. The Qualifications of the Substitute and Conditions of Substitution

CHAPTER 2: THE TRUTH OF THE ATONEMENT
Statement of the Question
Three Objections Considered:
Objections Answered:
That the Word “Satisfaction” is not used in Scripture
That Christ’s Sufferings were Exemplary
That Satisfaction and Remission are Inconsistent with Each Other
That Christ Makes Satisfaction to Himself
That He Did Not Suffer Eternal Death
That He Did Not Suffer Despair
That the Death of One Cannot Answer for Many
That Atonement is Opposed to Ezekiel 18:20
And that it Leads to Carnal Ease

CHAPTER 3: THE PERFECTION OF THE ATONEMENT
Statement of the Question
Against Romanists
Against Arminians
In Itself
Arguments:
Romish Dogma of Supplementary Satisfactions
Arminian Doctrine of a Nominal Atonement
Objections Answered:
That the Apostles Suffered for the Church
That Paul Completed Christ’s Sufferings
That Sins are Broken Off by Repentance
That Believers Still Suffer in this Life
That They are Liable to Death
That Judgment Begins at the House of God
That Jewish Saints had to Offer Sacrifices
That by Mercy and Truth Iniquity is Purged

CHAPTER 4: THE MATTER OF THE ATONEMENT
Statement of the Question
1. Christ’s Atoning Sufferings Extended Through His Whole Life
2. They are to be Distinguished as to Substance and Form
3. His Obedience Has a Twofold Efficacy
Socinius’ Objection to This
4. The Law contains both Precepts and Sanctions
5. There is a Threefold Subjection to the Law
Natural
Federal
Penal
Objections Answered
That Our Redemption is Ascribed to Christ’s Death
That Our Blessedness is Attributed to Pardon
That the Obedience of Christ’s Death was Sufficient
That He Owed Obedience for Himself
That if He Obeyed for Us, We are No Longer Bound to Obey
That Christ’s Death is a Perfect Fulfillment of the Law
Quotations from Calvin’s Institutes
Quotations from the Gallic Synods

CHAPTER 5: THE EXTENT OF THE ATONEMENT
Opinion of the Pelagians
Opinion of the Jesuits
Opinion of the Lutherans
Opinion of the Arminians
Opinion of Camerus, Testardus, and Amyraut
Camerus
Testardus
Amyraut
Doctrine of the Reformed
Statement of the Question
1. It Does Not Respect the Value of Christ’s Death
2. Nor Its Fruits
3. Nor Whether it Conveys Some Blessings to Reprobates
Objection to Mathew 1:21
Objection to John 10:15, 15:13
Objection to Ephesians 5:25 and Titus 2:8
Objection to Matthew 20:28, 26:28, and Hebrews 9:28
That Christ is Said to have Died for All
2 Corinthians 5:15
2 Corinthians 5:19
Romans 5:18-19
Scripture Use of the Word “All”
1 Timothy 2:6
That He Died for the World, John 3:16
1 John 2:2
That He Died for that which was Lost
For Those Who Perish
For Those Who Deny Him
For Those Who Profane the Blood of the Covenant
That Men are Bound to Believe that He Died for Them
Direct and Reflex Acts of Faith
Objections to This View
That Unless He Died for All, the Gospel Offer Cannot be Sincere
Quotations from Deodatus and Tronchin